Unit 1: Grade 10 Technological Design - Robotics - Careers and Safety


Welcome to the Technological Design - Robotics course. This course provides students with opportunities to apply a design process to meet a variety of technological challenges. Students will research projects, create designs, build models and/or prototypes, and assess products and/or processes using appropriate tools, techniques, and strategies. Student projects may include designs for homes, vehicles, bridges, robotic arms, clothing, or other products. Students will develop an awareness of environmental and societal issues related to technological design, and learn about secondary and postsecondary education and training leading to careers in the field. Focus will support robotics and the Robo program here at Western. The course will be 18 weeks in duration with your final mark made up of a 70% term and 30% culminating mark.

Course Units and Descriptions
Unit Description
Review course outline for more details
1 Careers & Safety- Intro, computers, organization, and careers
2 Technical Sketching- freehand sketching, ortho, dimensions, ISO views, custom ortho design
3 Basic 2D & 3D CAD Intro- 2D coordinates, lines, ortho views, 3D drawing, and custom design digitized
4 3D Parametric Design- 2D sketch, 3D parts, feature tools, drawings, exporting for 3D printing
5 Sheet metal Design- thin material design, folds, assemblies, 2D print, project design, testing, and build
6 Robot Assembly- part reproduction, part assemblies, custom function design and build
7 Web Portfolio- Showcase course work, projects, and understanding with web portfolio and presentation
Unit Activity Breakdown Format

You will notice each unit activity below is broken down into five subtopics using PDF SPICE, to guide and help you through the project and assignments related to the unit activity:

  1. Situation - This is the introduction, big picture, or you can think of it as the setting of story/novel
  2. Problem/Challenge - What must be resolved or completed, i.e. what you will need to accomplish
  3. Investigation/Ideas - includes gathering ideas, research and organizing information to help create, construct, and/or complete the Problem/Challenge
  4. Create/Construct - take your best idea and complete and/or build the needed solution
  5. Evaluation - did the Problem/Challenge above get resolved and/or completed

Unit Content Activity Quick Links, Click to Jump to Specific Activity!
  1. Unit 1, Act. 1: Introduction, Computers, Organization, and General Safety
    1. Tech Info, Safety, Shortcuts, Journals, Evaluation
  2. Unit 1, Act. 2: Related Career
    1. Ideas, Prezi, Prezi videos, Steps, Evaluation

- TOP - Unit 1, Act. 1: Introduction, Computers, Organization, and General Safety next

This unit will introduce you to the course, class routines, safety, expectations, organization, and related careers.

Big Picture


Students are starting a new course in Technological Design with a robotics focus and will be introduced to the course, practice some organization and file saving, introduced to the computer lab, computers and software use, and look at some general safety concerns.



Getting familiar with what the course is all about, class routines, expectations of the course and the teacher, general administration of class, appropriate use of computers, software, file saving standards and organization, and general safety are all important issues to know and understand to get the most out of this course. This activity will allow students the opportunity to organize and prepare for course work, understand expectations, evaluation, marks, routine, and student responsibilities for optimal leaning and allow classes to run smoothly.



The following is list of items that are to be reviewed by students to understand what is going on in this course:

  • Course Details
  • General Safety
  • Detailed Safety Issues
  • Shop/room Layout
  • Room Resources
  • Emergency Procedures
  • Expectations
  • Assessment & Evaluation
  • Class Policies
  • Routines
  • Journals
  • Attendance & Lates

It is important that students feel comfortable with the above points and should know what is happening in the course.




Start by organizing your supplies and materials for taking and storing your notes and assignments in a binder. A duo-tang will be provided for your in-class journals and safety related paper work and stored in the classroom filing cabinet share. Review the course outline and class routines and write down any questions you have about the course, requirements, expectations, or responsibilities you need to be clear on. Timetable and school policies will also be reviewed using your agenda as a guide. A room and school tour will be conducted to familiarize students with our facilities.

A PDF Survey - Getting to know you will be handed out for students to fill out in-class so that the instructor can get to know you and allow you to write down any important information that you feel the instructor should know about such as extra support, health, social, and/or interests you may want to pass on..

The following is a list of related support document links for students, which will be reviewed in class:

  1. PDF Technological Design course outline
  2. PDF Course Achievement Breakdown
  3. PDF Learning skills work habits
  4. PDF Evaluation and Tips Breakdown
  5. PDF Foreperson Responsibilities
  6. PDF Peer Evaluation Process

- TOP - Tech Info Page

One of the first things in class we do is review the PDF Introduction to Technical Classes, point number three above which gives you a great overview of the course operation. The top section of the page has ten blank boxes to be filled in with the important things we will cover in this course. You will find this information by reviewing the course outline and listening to the teacher discussing what is happening in the course. The bottom section will also need to be filled out with two in-class peer partners for contact information and support with-in the class to help foster team support. collaboration, and responsibility.

Important Information, Routine Details, and Support

To help everyone understand daily routines, expectations, student responsibilities there are some steps that you must be aware of, that we will discuss in detail such as:

166 room

Paper Hand-in Bin

165 room

Resource Binder

166-65 room

Current Events

  • Class schedule day 1/2 (Wed - late start)
  • School/room map layout (tour)
  • Late arrival process and class entry
  • Pre-project preparation
  • End of period journals
  • Paperwork hand-in bin
  • Class share resource table
  • Extra handouts & digital copies
  • Daily current events board
  • Supply teacher respect and learning
  • Due date - beginning of class
  • Leaving the room - process (ex. - washroom)
  • Class Sign-out resource binder
  • Seating - support, proximity, and behavior
  • Partners, groups, and leaders - collaboration
  • Late/missed class lesson/work responsibilities
  • Clean up process - yours and others
  • Contact process - e-mail
  • Extra support/help options
  • Don't know, or not sure? ... ask!

- TOP - Safety
Safety ppt

In this activity, we will review the PDF General Safety Presentation to get an overview of safety concerns students must be aware of in the school and classroom. Students will review and sign a PDF General Safety Contract then take home to parents to also review and sign. Safety awareness and lessons in this class will be on-going throughout the course, and specific to each project so that it is fresh in your minds when starting work on that specific project. Although there are less physical dangers, there are other safety concerns such as working with digital work safely as an example.

- TOP - USB Memory Stick, Files, Folders and Shortcuts

Next it is highly recommenced that you get a USB memory stick, for saving your work on to. It does not have to be large, 2 Gig is plenty of room (use your school H drive temporarily if you do not have your USB flash drive). You will need to follow instructions on the Tech Info handout (PDF page printed and handed out recently, that can be found above) to create six shortcuts inside a main folder named with your course code, and a sub-folder named "year- month-day_shortcuts" (use the same folder name convention for future folder topics) with the following shortcuts created:

  • Pick-up Folder
  • Drop-off Folder
  • Web Course Main Page
  • Web Course Details Page
  • Web Course Journal Page
  • Web Course Marks Page

To keep your electronic work for this course organized, you will need to create more folders for future projects as you continue with the course. The intent is to work off of your USB in school and save to your H: drive when you are finished at the end of class as a back-up process. This way you can take your work with you and work elsewhere if needed and it is usually faster to access a flash drive then the board network. If you are at home, a similar process should be followed, work off of your USB, save to your USB, and back-up to your home desktop drive when you are finished all of your work.

File Naming Conventions and Shortcut Demonstration

To finish you will need to use all three shortcut links in an exercise called "shortcut-demo" and copy and paste the correct shortcut addresses to demonstrate you have done this correctly.

shortcut test
  1. Using your newly created shortcuts, go to the pick-up folder and get a file called "shortcut-demo"
  2. Save the text file to your shortcuts folder (this is a good time to review file naming conventions in the Tech Info Handout again and save it right away with the correct file name, and then open it up
  3. You need to type your name in, using the same format you would when writing your name on paperwork handed in
  4. For the shortcut addresses, right click and click on properties, then copy the shortcut link address and paste it into the text file in the appropriate location and do the same for the other two
  5. Next right click on your web site shortcut link, and click on properties, then the General tab to copy the location where you saved this shortcut link to "Franzens-web-site" which should be your USB Flash drive and then add the actual shortcut file name and correct file extension (more here on File extensions)
  6. Do the same steps as in previous, but now for where you backed up your digital work. Again, it is recommended you use your H drive
  7. Go to the Tech info page on the site and open up the PDF file and copy the section called "Organizing and saving your work" that explains about file naming conventions and paste below
  8. If you did not re-name your file according the file naming convention instructions you just copied, then do that now, then either copy and paste or drag and drop the text file you just finished onto the shortcut Drop-off, to submit for marking

Ensure your work is saved first on your USB, then drag and drop onto the Drop-off folder shortcut. As you don't have access to this folder, drag and drop one more time and you should get a message saying the file is already there... confirming you were successful in copying the file over to Drop-off. Note: trying to save your work directly to this Drop-off folder will result in your file not being saved and not handed in as students do not have editing privileges inside the Drop-off folder.

writing a log report
- TOP - Journals

Part of the curriculum requirements is to keep a log of your learning and report on it. This is so that you can measure your progress as you continue with the course and take more responsibility with your learning. Each day at the end of the period after clean-up (or during class if you can) fill in point form the empty boxes for each day.

Box Details
  1. Date: day, month, and year
  2. Time in: time you showed up: OT=on-time, AB=Absent, if late, what time & how late
  3. Tasks: tasks done today (on current events board)
  4. PT: (practical time) what did you do with free class work time today?
  5. Ex-Help: extra help needed? Y or N?
  6. Learning: fill in new learning (pick your most significant points in the form of
    • KNOWLEDGE - new information you have learned such as new terminology, a new process, or information that you did not know
    • SKILL practical work done such as computer file naming/saving process, cutting cardboard correctly, using a tool or machine properly, etc
    • VALUE is new opinion formed or feeling based on your experience with new knowledge and/or skill that you have completed
  7. Partner(s): who you helped and/or worked with and what was it with?
  8. Clean-up: what you did for clean-up, how did you contribute at the end of class?
  9. Hmwk: what homework do you have for tonight, or near future and when is it due?

The teacher comments and parent feedback will be used when there are concerns. The information on your daily log sheets will be used to summarize your accomplishments for the Weekly Log Report by reporting on tasks complete and your learning process through your newly acquired knowledge, skills, and/or values. This will be a part of your culminating work to show your progress, process, and learning throughout the semester.

Common Things to Know, to Maximize Your Journal Mark

The following points should be kept in mind when filling in your daily entries. Most common place that marks are lost is in the learning section. There are common concerns, issues, and problems that students should be aware of:

  1. Put all class tasks and individual tasks during period
  2. Include three things learned in the form of K, S, and/or V
  3. Careful not to repeat the task in the learning column
  4. Remember not to repeat previous learning, as that is no longer new, and not worth marks
  5. Be specific with your new learning entries as generic means you learned all of it
  6. Example of being specific using shortcuts: shortcut creation, finding target address, file vs web, extension, reason for using, etc.
  7. Fill in all boxes for full marks, even if nothing to do or done, then put "N" for no
  8. You are responsible to work with partner, so make the effort to work with one, so you can report it
  9. You are expected to clean-up at the end of the period, so help out and report on what you did
  10. Ensure your three-ring holes are good, as broken will loose marks
  11. Remember to put your name at the top with last initial, first name
  12. Print or write neatly and clearly with a dark enough pencil or pen
  13. E-Help is for what you may need help with
  14. Hmwk should always fill in something to support that day to finish work and/or support next day/project
  15. If you are absent, you can get 60% of daily mark by putting AB in the time in section, fill in tasks for the day, in your learning section put what you did to catch up, and which partner you used to assist you with your absent day
Journal Assessment Build-up Strategies
Sample Journal

First week will be marked at 50% weight of 25 for students to get use to format and receive feedback on their entries. To see student examples with teacher marks and written feedback that show some of the above issues and concerns that may take away from you earning a great mark, see student journal samples, showing marks ranging from low to high.

The second week will focus on learning entries using a topic/word/phrase and a specific/detail about that area so that the learning can be pin-point specific and not vague or too general which results in someone saying they learned everything about a particular subject (see shortcuts example in the above points). Discussion on homework entry in terms of unfinished work and next day or next project review at bare minimum. More of a focus on getting entries marked daily for quick feedback.

For the Third week, the focus will be to enter in K, S. or V for the learning point to be used and getting it checked daily with a 1 mark deduction if not checked for over 2 days straight.

For the final week of improved journal entry strategies, students are asked to have a peer partner mark their daily entry when they are done. There are a lot of advantages to this process, because when the peer finds missing components, incomplete entries, and/or incorrect or appropriate entries, the owner has a chance to fix that entry and then have the peer upgrade the mark to perfect if that is the case, so that when it gets to the instructor, daily journal entries are perfect. Students also get to collaborate and share more of their ideas and if a student is stuck on finding a third learning point, peer marking will allow them to see some new ideas they may not have thought of.

Duo Tang/Journal Set-up
Gothic Font Lettering

Step 1: Gothic Font Strokes

Duo tang black marker

Step 6: Marker

Duo tang Pencil

Step 3: Pencil

Duo tang Pencil

Step 7: Insert Your Safety and Journal Pages

Duo tangs will be used to keep your journals and safety related work sheets. These Duo tangs will be kept in the classroom file share to insure they are not lost and always available to log your work and learning. For initial set-up you will be provided a Duo tang with a related colour for your block section. White for block A, Cyan for block B, Magenta for block C, and Yellow for block C. Students will have an opportunity here to PPT practice Gothic font lettering before Identifying their Duo tang. Gothic font lettering is commonly used in engineering drawings to communicate in a standardized format.

  1. Using line paper practice the capitol letter alphabet and numbers on some regular line paper using two lines for the height of each letter/number, following the example lettering pictures above and hand-in for marks
  2. Get your Duo tang with the right colour for you block section which will be provided and turn the Duo tang so that the spline is horizontal and at the top with the front facing you
  3. With a pencil, in large Gothic font capitol letters print your last initial, first name in the top-left corner about 20 mm high, example shows D, JOE
  4. In the top-right corner, start, lining up about middle of the label box, but near the spine and again in large block letters print the full course and section number, example shows TDJ2OR-01, so make sure you enter in the right course code and section number - which you can find on your timetable
  5. Erase and fix if either is not looking good, but know that erasing will take some of the colour away also
  6. Take black thick sharpy marker and re-do the lettering, so it is neat, smooth, and stands out
  7. Now you are ready to put your Safety sheets at the front and your journal log sheets after.
  8. This is to be kept in the room, i.e. not taken home, so that it is always available for you to make entries and be able to refer to your safety related sheets
Gothic lettering Tips
  1. Most letters are taking up full square
  2. Trouble letters M, W, K, R, be careful with these
  3. Don't forget to create spacing between lines and header
  4. Common error, don't over size the title header in Gothic capitols, as you will run out of room
  5. Use two light parallel lines if you are not keeping your Gothic lettering consistent sizing or straight
  6. Remember to put your name with last initial, first name
Duo Tang Set-up Tips
  1. Use light construction lines to keep Gothic capitol lettering consistent height and straight
  2. Put the right section number
  3. For course section, print backwards from the right with 1 or 2 character spaces to accurately fit and not run out of room
  4. Put your papers in right way up (not backwards or upside down)- Safety first, log journal sheets in order

Checkout and review PDF student Gothic lettering samples for class discussion and feedback. How to maximize your marks:

- TOP - Evaluation:

Although these are not heavily weighted, they are important project assignments that will benefit you throughout the rest of this course. The following student daily log samples (another class, but similiar entries) can be viewed here Assorted Journal Daily Logs, Full semester of Daily Journals, plus end-of-semster Weekly Summary Journal

Evaluation Breakdown Component Descriptions Marks
Always double check that you have completed all components for full marks.
Survey - Answer all 8 questions fully 16
Course Outline Signed - Review, show parents, and get signed by parent 5
Tech Info - 10 course components, and two peer contacts 14
General Safety Contract - Read, agreed, and signed by both student & parent 5
Shortcut Test - 3 shortcuts done, folders, file named correctly 15
Journal-Duo tang Set-up - Lettering practice and Duo tang set-up 20
Journal - Date, time, tasks, learning, clean-up, & homework for 5 marks daily 25


If you feel comfortable that you know all the details of the class/course details, you are ready to move on to the next activity. Be prepared if a quiz is given on the key elements of each of the sections. At this point you should be ready for the rest of the semester for use with computers, keeping organized with binder and digital files, routines, daily journals, and general safety. If you are still having trouble with specific things, PLEASE ASK!

- TOP - Unit 1, Act. 2: Related Career


You are new to this field area, unfamiliar with possible career directions that this may offer and what steps may be taken to go into a related field.


Select a related career field that you may be interested in and research it to present in the form of a presentation 13 to 15 slides in length. The presentation must show a titles and key information in different forms such as text, charts, maps, illustrations, and/or images. Text points should be 50-60 % of slide while images and/or charts should be no more than 40-50% of slide. Content on slides to include the following topics (bracketed info is extra explanation of what is on those slides):

  1. Job Title and General Description
  2. Contents
  3. Responsibilities (daily expectations)
  4. Salary/Wage Levels (based on current entry, mid level, senior level positions, company, and location)
  5. Related Skills (soft and hard skills)
  6. Interests (hobbies, spare time, games, material things, sports, relaxation, health)
  7. Values (opinions, importance of specifics, beliefs, standards, commitment)
  8. Schooling (possible schools, program information, application, etc.)
  9. Preparation (what you can do now, resources, planning, all the facts, building maturity/responsibility, etc)
  10. Requirements (related association, certifications, what you need to accomplish, complete, learn, experience, etc.)
  11. Future forecast/outlook (3, 5, & 10 years down the road, stats on growth rate, comparisons)
  12. Summary/Conclusion
  13. Resources and Further Support (your research sources used, great places to check for more info, etc.)

- TOP - Investigation/Ideas:

The first task involves selecting a related field in Technological Design that you may feel interested in and researching details about that area. If you are having trouble deciding on which trade, you could try an Online Employability Skill an Attitude Quiz to help you decide which field might be best suited to look into. Below are some great resource links to assist with finding more information in a career field in Technological Design that you may be interested in.:

Construction Career

Choosing a career as a student can be very difficult when you don't have enough information to make the right decision. Although a Word document will be sufficient, the Prezi presentation online tool is a great show and create some really interesting and dynamic presentations. This Prezi I made up, has a lot of the questions student may have, not just on Engineering, but also steps students can take in High School to help them make the right decision on their career direction. - TOP - View the Prezi presentation here.

- TOP - Prezi Related Career Videos
Resource links

Check out these resources for your PPT creation and presentation:



Create and Construct General Information

This is the section called Create/Construct step, which if you have understood the SPICE design model process from the investigation/ideas section, is the part of the process where you select your best idea and to create a solution based on the problem/challenge. With all activities we use this section or step (of the SPICE design process), to give you the actual steps that are recommended to take, to accomplish what you need to do to complete the project, task and/or goal. For this career research and presentation, here are the steps you will take:

Sample Career Page Research Report

Sample Rough Report PDF and DOC

- TOP - Major Steps
  1. Get a copy of the PDF handout guide to review research project instructions, requirements, and mark breakdown for you to keep in your binder
  2. Choose a unique Technological Design related career, using the PDF sign-up sheet that will be provided
  3. Copy the topics to a Word doc as a guideline for areas to research
  4. Create a customized template for your presentation to add text/images to
  5. Add main points and images to each of your slides
  6. Add talking points (only presenters can see) for each of your sides
  7. Practice presentation for preparedness and timing

Your presentation should have large printed points that you can use to expand and talk about during your presentation. Your presentation points should also answer/cover the required topics with some detail.

You are to create a rough career information source page (partial sample to left). The source may be as simple as a word doc using a maximum of 1 page both-sides to include text, possible illustration/pictures, and chart/table showing key details of your interested technology/robotics related career. To the left is a sample PDF and if you want it in DOC format just click on it. If you decide to create a Prezi, Slide Share, Mind Map or similar ensure that you have covered the requirements.


It is strongly recommended students start your research by copying the requirement topics to a word processor application, change your topics to separate headers, then add your researched information below each of the header topics along with source links as you get them, i.e. do/focus on your research first -information. Once you have finished accumulating all support information on each of the topics, create your presentation template/format that will accommodate, a header/footer, title, key points, and a supporting image(s) for each slide approximately 50/50 ratio. The key points must be large enough to easily read from back of room on class projected screen, have high contrast to background, discuss/talk about (do not just read presentation slide points) details of each topic in detail, and be prepared to discuss further details at the end of your presentation (detail talking points can be added to each slide as most presentation programs have this option). Presentation to be approximately 14 slides with about 20 seconds per slide on average to cover the 4-5 minimum presentation time length.

Check out 20 Great Examples of Power-point Presentation Design, 108 Best Presentation Ideas, Design Tips & Examples for ideas and best practices plus further tips can be found here.

When complete, submit your presentation file (Cloud linked presentations can still be used to present, but ensure local file is submitted and your cloud file is a public share link so everyone can see it) in the drop-off folder on or before the due date with standard file naming convention, ex: tdj_career-eng-mechanical_j-doe.xxx. It will be transfered to the pick-up folder to share with everyone in the class after the due date, and used for presentation.

Prior to presentation, use the self and peer evaluation table to double check that you have all required information. 2 marks will usually represent at least 4 points of related topic information, so ensure this is the case, then you will need to work on presentation to the class, keeping the time between 4-5 minutes and about 3 minutes of questions/discussions maximum if needed.

- TOP - Evaluation:

Ensure that you have completed all requirements, included related pictures, and lots of related resources. see PDF handout guide for breakdown of marks, self and peer evaluation to be done at the time of presentation and handed in day of presentation. Also, you can check out these PDF 2 self, peer, and teacher evaluation samlpe sheets.

Evaluation Breakdown Component Descriptions Marks
Always double check that you have completed all components for full marks.
Content - included all required information and resources 20
Layout - organized, visually appealing, and easy to read 15
Self and Peer Evaluation - based on report information. 10
Presentation - Content, communication, knowledge, and time 20

Unit Conclusion

Understanding about the course, routines, expectations, safety, assessment and evaluation, digital organization, journal entries, you will be able to maximize your learning and understanding. With your researched career and many related ones presented by your peers, will help you decide on possibles with your own future. Knowing this information will empower you and make you more confident where you want to take your future and what you need to do, to get there!