Unit 1: Grade 11/12 Technological Design - Robotics - Careers and Safety


Welcome to the the Technological Design - Robotics course. This course provides students with opportunities to apply the principles of technological design to challenges in communications, manufacturing, electronics, transportation, architecture, industrial and consumer products, health and safety equipment, and environmental services. Students will identify user needs, estimate labour and material costs, analyze material characteristics, and illustrate design solutions, using traditional and computer-based methods. They will also acquire the basic design skills required for post-secondary studies in engineering manufacturing, architecture, and construction. Focus will support FIRST robotics and the Robo program here at Western. The course will be 18 weeks in duration with your final mark made up of a 70% term and 30% culminating mark.

Course Units and Descriptions

Use this table for an overview and navigate to each of the course unit pages.

Unit Description
Review course outline for more details
1 Careers & Safety- Intro, computers, organization, and research career
2 Engineering Communication- Technical sketching, ortho-ISO, custom ortho, and robot design
3 Structure and Materials- Materials & measurement,  joints, frame, and 3D model
4 Driven Mechanisms- Gears, gearbox  to wheel, drive train, and 1st function
5 Functions and Integration- Body base, pneumatics, 2nd  and 3rd function
6 Robot Assembly- Robot build, function supports, drawings and presenting
7 Marketing and Portfolio- Web authoring, portfolio and presentation
Unit Activity Breakdown Format

You will notice each unit activity below is broken down into five subtopics using PDF SPICE, to guide and help you through the project and assignments related to the unit activity:

  1. Situation - This is the introduction, big picture, or you can think of it as the setting of story/novel
  2. Problem/Challenge - What must be resolved or completed, i.e. what you will need to accomplish
  3. Investigation/Ideas - includes gathering ideas, research and organizing information to help create, construct, and/or complete the Problem/Challenge
  4. Create/Construct - take your best idea and complete and/or build the needed solution
  5. Evaluation - did the Problem/Challenge above get resolved and/or completed

Unit Content Activity Quick Links, Click to Jump to Specific Activity!
  1. Unit 1, Act. 1: Organization, Safety and Related Careers
    1. Tech Info, Safety, Shortcuts, PMT pkg, Evaluation
  2. Unit 1, Act. 2: Related Career
    1. Ideas, Prezi, Prezi videos, Steps, Evaluation

- TOP - Unit 1, Act. 1: Organization, Safety and Related Careers next

This unit will introduce you to the course, class routines, safety, expectations, organization, and related careers.


Students are starting a new course in Technological Design and will be introduced to the course, given some organization and support documents, and safety awareness.



Getting familiar with what the course is all about, class routines, expectations of the course and the teacher, general administration of class, appropriate use of computers, software, file saving standards and organization, and general safety are all important issues to know and understand to get the most out of this course. This activity will allow students the opportunity to organize and prepare for course work, understand expectations, evaluation, marks, routine, and student responsibilities for optimal leaning and allow classes to run smoothly.



The following is list of items that are to be reviewed by students to understand what is going on in this course:

  • Course Details
  • General Safety
  • Detailed Safety Issues
  • Shop/room Layout
  • Room Resources
  • Emergency Procedures
  • Expectations
  • Assessment & Evaluation
  • Class Policies
  • Routines
  • PMT pkg
  • Attendance & Lates

It is important that students feel comfortable with the above points and should know what is happening in the course.


Start by organizing your supplies and materials for taking and storing your notes and assignments. Review the course outline and class routine, write down any questions you have about the course, requirements, or responsibilities you need to be clear on. The following list of links are details that students are to review, after going over them in class:

  1. PDF Technological Design course outline
  2. PDF Introduction to Technical Classes
  3. PDF General Lab Safety Presentation
  4. PDF General Safety Contract
  5. PDF Course Achievement Breakdown
  6. PDF Learning skills work habits
  7. PDF Evaluation and Tips Breakdown
  8. PDF Foreperson Responsibilities
  9. PDF Peer Evaluation Process

- TOP - Tech Info Page

One of the first things in class we do is review the PDF Introduction to Technical Classes, point number three above which gives you a great overview of the course operation. The top section of the page has ten blank boxes to be filled in with the important things we will cover in this course. You will find this information by reviewing the course outline and listening to the teacher discussing what is happening in the course. The bottom section will also need to be filled out with two in-class peer partners for contact information and support with-in the class to help foster team support. collaboration, and responsibility.

Important Information, Routine Details, and Support

To help everyone understand daily routines, expectations, student responsibilities there are some steps that you must be aware of, that we will discuss in detail such as:

166 room

Paper Hand-in Bin

165 room

Resource Binder

166-65 room

Current Events

  • Class schedule day 1/2 (Wed - late start)
  • School/room map layout (tour)
  • Late arrival process and class entry
  • Pre-project preparation
  • Paperwork hand-in bin
  • Class share resource table
  • Extra handouts & digital copies
  • Daily current events board
  • Supply teacher respect and learning
  • Due date - beginning of class
  • Leaving the room - process (ex. - washroom)
  • Class Sign-out resource binder
  • Seating - support, proximity, and behavior
  • Partners, groups, and leaders - collaboration
  • Late/missed class lesson/work responsibilities
  • Clean up process - yours and others
  • Contact process - e-mail
  • Extra support/help options
  • Extra stations with SolidWorks
  • Don't know, or not sure? ... ask!

- TOP - Safety
Safety ppt

In this activity, we will review the PDF General Safety Presentation to get an overview of safety concerns students must be aware of in the school and classroom. Students will review and sign a PDF General Safety Contract then take home to parents to also review and sign. Safety awareness and lessons in this class will be on-going throughout the course, and specific to each project so that it is fresh in your minds when starting work on that specific project. Although there are less physical dangers, there are other safety concerns such as working with digital work safely as an example.

- TOP - USB Memory Stick, Files, Folders and Shortcuts

Next it is highly recommenced that you get a USB memory stick, for saving your work on to. It does not have to be large, 2 Gig is plenty of room (use your school H drive temporarily if you do not have your USB flash drive). You will need to follow instructions on the Tech Info handout (PDF page printed and handed out recently, that can be found above) to create six shortcuts inside a main folder named with your course code, and a sub-folder named "year- month-day_shortcuts" (use the same folder name convention for future folder topics) with the following shortcuts created:

  • Pick-up Folder
  • Drop-off Folder
  • Web Course Main Page
  • Web Course Details Page
  • Web Course Journal Page
  • Web Course Marks Page

To keep your electronic work for this course organized, you will need to create more folders for future projects as you continue with the course. The intent is to work off of your USB in school and save to your H: drive when you are finished at the end of class as a back-up process. This way you can take your work with you and work elsewhere if needed and it is usually faster to access a flash drive then the board network. If you are at home, a similar process should be followed, work off of your USB, save to your USB, and back-up to your home desktop drive when you are finished all of your work.

File Naming Conventions and Shortcut Demonstration

To finish you will need to use all three shortcut links in an exercise called "shortcut-demo" and copy and paste the correct shortcut addresses to demonstrate you have done this correctly.

shortcut test
  1. Using your newly created shortcuts, go to the pick-up folder and get a file called "shortcut-demo"
  2. Save the text file to your shortcuts folder (this is a good time to review file naming conventions in the Tech Info Handout again and save it right away with the correct file name, and then open it up
  3. You need to type your name in, using the same format you would when writing your name on paperwork handed in
  4. For the shortcut addresses, right click and click on properties, then copy the shortcut link address and paste it into the text file in the appropriate location and do the same for the other two
  5. Next right click on your web site shortcut link, and click on properties, then the General tab to copy the location where you saved this shortcut link to "Franzens-web-site" which should be your USB Flash drive and then add the actual shortcut file name and correct file extension (more here on File extensions)
  6. Do the same steps as in previous, but now for where you backed up your digital work. Again, it is recommended you use your H drive
  7. Go to the Tech info page on the site and open up the PDF file and copy the section called "Organizing and saving your work" that explains about file naming conventions and paste below
  8. If you did not re-name your file according the file naming convention instructions you just copied, then do that now, then either copy and paste or drag and drop the text file you just finished onto the shortcut Drop-off, to submit for marking

Ensure your work is saved first on your USB, then drag and drop onto the Drop-off folder shortcut. As you don't have access to this folder, drag and drop one more time and you should get a message saying the file is already there... confirming you were successful in copying the file over to Drop-off. Note: trying to save your work directly to this Drop-off folder will result in your file not being saved and not handed in as students do not have editing privileges inside the Drop-off folder.

- TOP - Professional Management Toolkit (PMT)

As an engineer, it is important to keep your work life organized, documenting process, resources, and information so you can work a lot more efficient. It may take a bit more of your time at first, but in the long run, it saves you time and frustration. For this reason, this PMT package has been put together for students to use to help with the course, your organization, and marks. The PMT package was built in Excel, and can be accessed through the Pickup folder on the school network system.

Sample 1

Sample Design Log

This is an all-in-one-file, accessing multiple sheet tabs, to access the different tool sheets. The first sheet is a Gantt chart The first half of the Gantt chart is based on the course unit activities showing time lines, order of project activities throughout the whole course (tentative - ideally we will focus more on certain areas as needed, therefore not all areas may reached). The second Gantt chart directly below using the same daily date and week columns above shows a breakdown of the robot design process steps students should take to create a successful robot design based off of a document called: PDF Using the Engineering Design Process for Design of a Competition Robot.

The design log is for updating daily/weekly so that you can track your work, time, topics, your practical work time (PT), process, learning, peer support, and homework. The additional sheets include material cost tracking to keep track of all the materials you will be using on your project, a resource sheet to organize and keep those high value links to support/share your work process, a student expert management sheet (more info below) for expert collaboration and peer support, and sample decision matrix table to make complex decisions easy by adding your key components, then basing them on several common variables/characteristics to see which is consistently the best option through individual valuations you insert.

Gantt Chart

Gantt Chart, Top half - course breakdown and bottom half -robotic design process

Material Cost Tracking

Material Cost

Resource Tracking


The PDF PMT Check List is a self/peer evaluation tool, to help understand and make the best use of the PMT package with your robot project. Using this as guide to what is expected when evaluated will give you the information needed to earn top marks while being organized and tracking your learning, robot design, and build process. Using this in conjunction with the expert areas presentation will allow you to organize, plan, share, log and track your progress, ideas, research, resources, design process, and present to your peers.

Design Log Details

Below is an explanation, and a exemplar to the right showing examples in hand written format (used by previous TD course).

Sample Journal
  1. Date: day, month, and year (already filled in for you)
  2. Hrs: example for regular class = 1.25, Wed = 1 (late 10 min - 0.15)
  3. Topics: Lesson/topic done that day (on current events board and online instructor journal)
  4. Practical Time (PT): what did you do with free class work time today?
  5. Extra Help: extra help needed? Y or N?
  6. KSV Learning: fill in new learning (pick your most significant points in the form of
    • KNOWLEDGE - new information you have learned such as new terminology, a new process, or information that you did not know
    • SKILL – practical work done such as computer file naming/saving process, cutting cardboard correctly, using a tool or machine properly, etc
    • VALUE – is new opinion formed or feeling based on your experience with new knowledge and/or skill that you have completed
  7. Partner(s): WHO you worked with and WHAT you worked on together?
  8. Hmwk: what homework do you have for tonight that you could do for tomorrow - finish today's assignment, review current project, review next assignment, etc.?
What Happens if I Miss a Day?

If you miss a day, you still enter in the above information, but in the learning section, put what you are doing to catch up with the work in class that day, instead of KSV learning (see exemplar to right). This will get you sixty percent of your mark. If you want to get the other forty percent, you need to come into class early before school starts the next available day and put the work time in for that day.

How to Access and Use This Organizational Tool
  1. Using Google Classroom, video join a class (Tech Design) using the class code given by your instructor
  2. In Google classroom you can get your assignment which will have the PMT package in Google Sheet format for you to copy
  3. Start filling out your design log daily, to later submit whole week of entries on last day of the week (Video Turn in work) usually Fridays, to instructor, through Google Classroom
  4. Instructor will review your entries for the week and return your PMT sheet back for you, to continue your entries the next week, to re-submit again, and so-on
  5. As time permits and course progresses, other parts of the PMT pkg will be used with your projects

- TOP - Expert Areas

Class individuals researching different areas and then sharing those ideas, the class as a whole is a lot further ahead then just having everyone individually research it all. Each area is researched in depth allowing communicates of ideas, and support for each other, making for a co-operative hands-on learning environment - PROFESSIONAL PEER COLLABORATION (PPC).

- TOP - Evaluation:

Although these are not heavily weighted, they are important project assignments that will benefit you throughout the rest of this course.

Evaluation Breakdown Component Descriptions Marks
Always double check that you have completed all components for full marks.
Survey - Answer all 8 questions fully 16
Course Outline Signed - Reviewed, contact info highlighted, & signed 5
Tech Info - Filled out with weight %, 10 course components, and two peer contacts 14
General Safety - Class reviewed, read, highlighted & signed 5
Shortcut Test - 3 shortcuts done, folders, file named correctly 15
Design Log - hrs, topic, PT, Help, learning KSV, Partner, Hmwk/per day 5

If you feel comfortable that you know all the details of the class/course details, you are ready to move on to the next activity.

- TOP - Unit 1, Act. 2: Related Career


You are new to this field area, unfamiliar with possible career directions that this may offer and what steps may be taken to go into a related field.


Select a related career field that you may be interested in and research it to present in the form of a presentation 13 to 15 slides in length. The presentation must show a titles and key information in different forms such as text, charts, maps, illustrations, and/or images. Text points should be 50-60 % of slide while images and/or charts should be no more than 40-50% of slide. Content on slides to include the following topics (bracketed info is extra explanation of what is on those slides):

  1. Job Title and General Description
  2. Contents
  3. Responsibilities (daily expectations)
  4. Salary/Wage Levels (based on current entry, mid level, senior level positions, company, and location)
  5. Related Skills (soft and hard skills)
  6. Interests (hobbies, spare time, games, material things, sports, relaxation, health)
  7. Values (opinions, importance of specifics, beliefs, standards, commitment)
  8. Schooling (possible schools, program information, application, etc.)
  9. Preparation (what you can do now, resources, planning, all the facts, building maturity/responsibility, etc)
  10. Requirements (related association, certifications, what you need to accomplish, complete, learn, experience, etc.)
  11. Future forecast/outlook (3, 5, & 10 years down the road, stats on growth rate, comparisons)
  12. Summary/Conclusion
  13. Resources and Further Support (your research sources used, great places to check for more info, etc.)

Additional challenge for senior 12's is to take last years engineering career project or pick a new one and condense/summarize (3-5, 6-8, and 9-11) above section to make room for additional slide topics below. These additional topics intent to show a process of planed practical/realistic steps you would take from High School (now) to get to your career position through the following topics:

  1. Planning for Career (what you need to do, look at, consider, goals, etc)
  2. Time Line (Gantt chart with annual breakdown now to career)
  3. Major Step Details (your helpful in-depth key information expanded)
  4. Financial Support (loans, grants, scholarships, job possibilities, etc.)
  5. Budget plan (savings, expenditures, income, travel, accommodations, food, etc.)
  6. Other Considerations and Possible Options (more support, opportunities, internships, volunteering, ideas, etc.)

In other words, you are going to share all your ideas and plans on how you (or someone similar) would get to your destination career position starting from right now.


- TOP - Investigation/Ideas:

The first task involves selecting a related field in Technological Design that you may feel interested in and researching details about that area. If you are having trouble deciding on which area, you could try an Online Employability Skill an Attitude Quiz to help you decide which field might be best suited. Below are some great resource links to assist with finding more information in Technological Design career related position that you may be interested in.:

Construction Career

Choosing a career as a student can be very difficult when you don't have enough information to make the right decision. Microsoft's Power Point is the Cadillac of presentation applications. The Prezi presentation online tool can have some creative animation transitions to show and create some really interesting and dynamic presentations. This Prezi below that I made, has a lot of the questions student may have, not just on Engineering, but also steps students can take in High School to help them make the right decision on their career direction. - TOP - View the Prezi presentation here.

- TOP - Prezi Related Career Videos


Sample Career Page Research Report

Sample Rough Report PDF and DOC

- TOP - Major Steps
  1. Get a copy of the PDF handout guide to review research project instructions, requirements, and mark breakdown for you to keep in your binder
  2. Choose a unique Technological Design related career, using the PDF sign-up sheet that will be provided
  3. Copy the topics to a Word doc as a guideline for areas to research
  4. Create a customized template for your presentation to add text/images to
  5. Add main points and images to each of your slides
  6. Add talking points (only presenters can see) for each of your sides
  7. Practice presentation for preparedness and timing

Your presentation should have large printed points that you can use to expand and talk about during your presentation. Your presentation points should also answer/cover the required topics with some detail.

You are to create a rough career information source page (partial sample to left). The source may be as simple as a word doc using a maximum of 1 page both-sides to include text, possible illustration/pictures, and chart/table showing key details of your interested technology/robotics related career. To the left is a sample PDF and if you want it in DOC format just click on it. If you decide to create a Prezi, Slide Share, Mind Map or similar ensure that you have covered the requirements.


It is strongly recommended students start your research by copying the requirement topics to a word processor application, change your topics to separate headers, then add your researched information below each of the header topics along with source links as you get them, i.e. do/focus on your research first -information. Once you have finished accumulating all support information on each of the topics, create your presentation template/format that will accommodate, a header/footer, title, key points, and a supporting image(s) for each slide approximately 50/50 ratio. The key points must be large enough to easily read from back of room on class projected screen, have high contrast to background, discuss/talk about (do not just read presentation slide points) details of each topic in detail, and be prepared to discuss further details at the end of your presentation (detail talking points can be added to each slide as most presentation programs have this option). Presentation to be approximately 14 slides with about 20 seconds per slide on average to cover the 4-5 minimum presentation time length.

Resource links

Check out these resources for your PPT creation and presentation:

When complete, submit your presentation file (Cloud linked presentations can still be used to present, but ensure local file is submitted and your cloud file is a public share link so everyone can see it) in the drop-off folder on or before the due date with standard file naming convention, ex: tdj_career-eng-mechanical_j-doe.xxx. It will be transfered to the pick-up folder to share with everyone in the class after the due date, and used for presentation.

Prior to presentation, use the self and peer evaluation table to double check that you have all required information. 2 marks will usually represent at least 4 points of related topic information, so ensure this is the case, then you will need to work on presentation to the class, keeping the time between 4-5 minutes and about 3 minutes of questions/discussions maximum if needed.


- TOP - Evaluation:

Ensure that you have completed all requirements, included related pictures, and lots of related resources. see PDF handout guide for breakdown of marks, self and peer evaluation to be done at the time of presentation and handed in day of presentation. Also, you can check out these PDF 2 self, peer, and teacher evaluation sample sheets.

Evaluation Breakdown Component Descriptions Marks
Always double check that you have completed all components for full marks.
Content - Included all required information and resources 20
Layout - Organized, visually appealing, and easy to read 15
Presentation - Content, communication, knowledge, and time 20
Self and Peer Evaluation - based on report information. 10

Unit Conclusion

Understanding about the course, routines, expectations, safety, assessment and evaluation, digital organization, the PMT package, and design log, you will be able to maximize your learning and understanding. With your researched career and many related ones presented by your peers, will help you decide on possibles with your own future. Knowing this information will empower you and make you more confident where you want to take your future and what you need to do, to get there!