Unit 1: Grade 10 Construction - Woodworking

Welcome

Welcome to the the grade 10 Construction Woodworking course. This 18 week course introduces students to wood shop safety, hand tools, machines, industry, and a series of hands-on wood working projects starting from common wood joints to a significant chess-coffee table.

SPICE

You will notice each unit activity below is broken down into five subtopics, SPICE, to guide and help you through the project and assignments related to the unit activity:

  1. Situation - This is the introduction, big picture, or you can think of it as the setting of story/novel
  2. Problem/Challenge - What must be resolved or completed, i.e. what you will need to accomplish
  3. Investigation/Ideas - includes gathering ideas, research and organizing information to help create, construct, and/or complete the Problem/Challenge
  4. Create/Construct - take your best idea and complete and/or build the needed solution
  5. Evaluation - did the Problem/Challenge above get resolved and/or completed

This unit will introduce you to the course, routines, safety, expectations, and introduction to woodworking.

Unit Activity Quick Links, Click to Jump to the Specific Activity!

  1. Unit 1, Act. 1: Course Information, Organization, Shop, and Safety
  2. Unit 1, Act. 2: Hand Tools, Building a Wood Joint Frame Project
  3. Unit 1, Act. 3: Jack plane - Sanding Block

- TOP - Unit 1, Act. 1: Course Information, Organization, Shop, and Safety next

Situation:

challenges

Class of students starting a new course-rotation to learn about woodworking

Problem/Challenge:

Getting familiar with what the course is all about, class routines, expectations of the course and the teacher, general administration of class, and safety are all important issues to know and understand, so that the learning process can begin.

Investigation/Ideas:

The following is list related to this course and should be reviewed by students:

Checklist
  • Course Details
  • General Safety
  • Detailed Safety Issues
  • Shop/room Layout
  • Shop/room Resources
  • Emergency Procedures
  • Expectations
  • Evaluation
  • Class Policies
  • Routines
  • Attendance and Lates
  • Moodle Log-in

It is important that students feel comfortable with the above points and should know what is happening in the course.

Create/Construct:

Start by organizing your school equipment and supplies for taking and storing your notes. Review the course outline and class routine, write down any questions you have about the course, requirements, or responsibilities you need to be clear on.

links
Intro Links and Resources

The following list of links are details that students are to review, after going over them in class:

  1. Construction Wood Working Course Outline
  2. Introduction to Technical Classes
  3. General Safety Presentation
  4. General Safety Contract
  5. Course Achievement Breakdown
  6. Evaluation and Tips Breakdown
  7. Mark Feedback HO
  8. Introduction package handout
  9. Text Reading Assigned Questions
  10. Shop and Machine safety package handout
Daily Notes

The following are links to PDF PDF notes, students copy down daily, for reinforcement of related lesson topic, discussion, samples shown, and demonstrations which also greatly supports safety and practical course projects.

  1. PDF Introduction
  2. PDF Shop Safety

Evaluation:

Although these are not heavily weighted, they are important project assignments that will benefit you throughout the rest of this course

Target
Evaluation Breakdown Component Descriptions Marks
Always double check that you have completed all components for full marks.
Survey - Answer all 7 questions fully 10
Course Outline Signed - Take home to show your parents and get signed by parent 5
Tech Info - Filled out with weight %, 10 course components, and two peer contacts 10
Total Marks 25

If you feel comfortable that you know all the details of the class/course details, you are ready to move on to the next activity. Be prepared to be able to write a quiz on the above details.

- TOP - Unit 1, Act. 2: Hand Tools, Building a Wood Joint Frame Project next

Wood Joints Project challenge

Situation:

New to the shop, wood hand tools, wood industry, etc., students will have the opportunity to start learning about the wood industry, wood basics, terminology, and how to use hand tools.

Problem/Challenge:

Learn about related wood industry occupations, safety and use of wood hand tools, apply learned skills to create wood joints to create a frame to show common wood joints using wood hand tools.



Investigation/Ideas:

General Information

Introduction to the basics of woodworking, shop safety, hand tools, operation, and related safe skill sets to measure, mark, layout, and create wood joints. Wood joint project will be the goal for students to build which will include a dado, cross lap, mortise and tenon, and dove tail. This project will also use the router to create a dado backing ledge for centre backing picture support.

notes
Daily Notes

The following are links to PDF PDF notes, students copy down daily, for reinforcement of related lesson topic, discussion, samples shown, and demonstrations which also greatly supports safety and practical course projects.

  1. PDF Marking and Measuring
  2. PDF Rabbet, Dado, and Chisels
  3. PDF Hand Saws
  4. PDF Mortise and Tenon
  5. PDF Wood Joint Review
  6. PDF Typical Wood Joint Illustrations
reading
Related Reading Assignment

Reading assignment involves three selected chapters related industry and our current activity. This supports, gives background, and assist students with topic details and further encases practical project work.

Project Sample Pictures

Below are some pictures showing the wood joint project:


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Sample 1

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Sample 2

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Sample 3

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Sample 4

Related Resource Links

Below are some links to online support resources related to this project:

  1. Woodworking joints
  2. On Marking Gauges Part I
  3. How to Use a Wood Chisel
  4. How to Use a Handsaw

Create/Construct:

Use the following steps to complete your wood joint project:

steps
  1. You will receive a related drawing and 4 pieces of wood
  2. Using metal stamp and a hammer, mark each piece with your name initials and the piece number according to the drawing
  3. Start on your dado wood joint using pencil, rule, marking gauge, back saw, and chisel only to make a tight snug fit
  4. Work on your half-lap joint using similar technique and process as the dado joint and remember to take small amounts of wood out with chisel to prevent over chipping
  5. Next work on the Mortise joint by first laying out, then chopping with 10 mm chisel then tenon joint, again laying out the material to remove and using the back saw to carefully cut to tenon shoulders and clean up with chisel to a snug fit
  6. Work on the last wood joint, the dovetail joint, using a combination of all the skills you have learned to complete.
  7. Using the router, you will create a small rabbet joint on the inside back of your frame and finish with a chisel in the corners to make room for a frame backing

Evaluation:

Once wood joint project is finished, complete the evaluation rubric and hand in with your project to the teacher for final mark.

- TOP - Unit 1, Act. 3: Jack plane - Sanding Block

Situation:

challenge

Past project we learned how to create common joints by using hand tools with 4 finished pieces of wood. How did those pieces get made?

Problem/Challenge:

You are to make a sanding block from a scrap piece of wood provided which will include three sides stamped 1, 2, and 3. You will need to square and size up this piece of wood to given dimensions of 30 mm thick, 60 mm wide, and 120 mm long and finish with chamfered top

Investigation/Ideas:

General Information

Introduction to the basics of breaking out stock manually, measuring, using a jack plane to create a sanding block for future use with a later project.

notes
Daily Notes

The following are links to PDF PDF notes, students copy down daily, for reinforcement of related lesson topic, discussion, samples shown, and demonstrations which also greatly supports safety and practical course projects.

  1. PDF Hand Planes
  2. PDF Sanding Block Project
  3. PDF Breaking Out Stock By Hand
  4. PDF Drill Pres
  5. PDF Router

reading
Related Reading Assignment

Reading assignment involves three selected chapters related industry and our current activity. This supports, gives background, and assist students with topic details and further encases practical project work.

Project Sample Pictures

Below are some pictures showing the sanding block project. Sample 1 shows an unfinished piece of wood with number stamped sides. Sample 2 shows the finished sanding block with chamfer, and sample 3 shows a size comparison of start and finish.


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Sample 1

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Sample2

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Sample 3

Related Resource Links

Below are some links to online support resources related to this project:

  1. Bench Hand Planes
  2. Using a Hand Plane
  3. video Hand planing Rough Lumber

Create/Construct:

Sanding block steps are as follows::

  1. Get your piece of wood and stamp your name initials beside the number one already stamped in the wood
  2. With appropriate tools layout your sanding block for wood removal
  3. Plane down second edge to correct width
  4. Mark and plane second face to correct thickness
  5. Mark and saw second end for correct length
  6. Mark and plane top edge and chamfers

Evaluation:

Once wood joint project is finished, complete the evaluation rubric and hand in with your project to the teacher for final mark.