Unit 1: Grade 09 Exploring Technologies - Careers and Safety


Welcome to the Exploring Technologies course. This course enables students to further explore and develop technological knowledge and skills introduced in the elementary science, technology, and Design programs. Students will be given the opportunity to develop solutions to various design challenges, fabrication of models or prototypes of those solutions, create products and/or provide services related to the various technological areas or industries, working with a variety of tools, equipment, and software commonly used in industry. Students will develop an awareness of environmental and societal issues, and will begin to explore secondary and postsecondary education and training pathways leading to careers in technology-related fields. Focus will be on project-driven, hands-on, supporting future related technology courses here at Western. The course will be 18 weeks in duration with your final mark made up of a 70% term and 30% culminating mark.

Course Units and Descriptions
Unit Description
Review course outline for more details
1 Careers & Safety - Intro, computers, organization, safety, and careers
2 Design Process - SPICE - Faulty towers, logo design, and project box
3 Materials, Machines, Tools, & Process - Acubend, key ring holder, key ring accessory
4 Project Research, Design, & Build - Bridge/tower, mag-lev, co2 dragster
5 Web Portfolio - Showcase course work, projects, and understanding with web portfolio and presentation
Unit Activity Breakdown Format

You will notice each unit activity below is broken down into five subtopics using PDF SPICE, to guide and help you through the project and assignments related to the unit activity:

  1. Situation - This is the introduction, big picture, or you can think of it as the setting of story/novel
  2. Problem/Challenge - What must be resolved or completed, i.e. what you will need to accomplish
  3. Investigation/Ideas - includes gathering ideas, research and organizing information to help create, construct, and/or complete the Problem/Challenge
  4. Create/Construct - take your best idea and complete and/or build the needed solution
  5. Evaluation - did the Problem/Challenge above get resolved and/or completed

This unit will introduce you to the course, class routines, safety, expectations, organization, and related careers.

Unit Content Activity Quick Links, Click to Jump to Specific Activity!
  1. Unit 1, Act. 1: Introduction, Computers, Organization, and General Safety
    1. Tech Info, Safety, Shortcuts, Journals
  2. Unit 1, Act. 2: Technology Career Pathways

- TOP - Unit 1, Act. 1: Introduction, Computers, Organization, and General Safety next

Big Picture


Students are starting a new course in Exploring Technologies and will be introduced to the course, practice some organization and file saving, introduced to the computer lab, computers and software use, and look at some general safety concerns.



Getting familiar with what the course is all about, class routines, expectations of the course and the teacher, general administration of class, appropriate use of computers, software, file saving standards and organization, and general safety are all important issues to know and understand to get the most out of this course. This activity will allow students the opportunity to organize and prepare for course work, understand expectations, evaluation, marks, routine, and student responsibilities for optimal leaning and allow classes to run smoothly.



The following is list of items that are to be reviewed by students to understand what is going on in this course:

  • Course Details
  • General Safety
  • Detailed Safety Issues
  • Shop/room Layout
  • Room Resources
  • Emergency Procedures
  • Expectations
  • Assessment & Evaluation
  • Class Policies
  • Routines
  • Journals
  • Attendance & Lates

It is important that students feel comfortable with the above points and should know what is happening in the course.




Start by organizing your supplies and materials for taking and storing your notes and assignments in a binder. A duo-tang will be provided for your in-class journals and safety related paper work and stored in the classroom filing cabinet share. Review the course outline and class routines and write down any questions you have about the course, requirements, expectations, or responsibilities you need to be clear on. Timetable and school policies will also be reviewed using your agenda as a guide. A room and school tour will be conducted to familiarize students with our facilities. Students will fill out room map layouts to familiarize themselves with the room resources.

A PDF Survey - Getting to know you will be handed out for students to fill out in-class so that the instructor can get to know you and allow you to write down any important information that you feel the instructor should know about such as extra support, health, social, and/or interests you may want to pass on..

The following is a list of related support document links for students, which will be reviewed in class:

  1. PDF Exploring Technologies course outline
  2. PDF Course Achievement Breakdown
  3. PDF Learning skills work habits
  4. PDF Evaluation and Tips Breakdown
  5. PDF Foreperson Responsibilities
  6. PDF Peer Evaluation Process

Tech Info Page

One of the first things in class we do is review the PDF Introduction to Technical Classes, point number three above which gives you a great overview of the course operation. The top section of the page has ten blank boxes to be filled in with the important things we will cover in this course. You will find this information by reviewing the course outline and listening to the teacher discussing what is happening in the course. The bottom section will also need to be filled out with two in-class peer partners for contact information and support with-in the class to help foster team support. collaboration, and responsibility.

Important Information, Routine Details, and Support

To help everyone understand daily routines, expectations, student responsibilities there are some steps that you must be aware of, that we will discuss in detail such as:

166 room

Paper Hand-in Bin

165 room

Resource Binder

166-65 room

Current Events

  • Class schedule day 1/2 (Wed - late start)
  • School/room map layout (tour)
  • Late arrival process and class entry
  • Pre-project preparation
  • End of period journals
  • Paperwork hand-in bin
  • Class share resource table
  • Extra handouts & digital copies
  • Daily current events board
  • Supply teacher respect and learning
  • Multi-room/supervision
  • Due date - beginning of class
  • Leaving the room - process (ex. - washroom)
  • Class Sign-out resource binder
  • Seating - support, proximity, and behavior
  • Partners, groups, and leaders - collaboration
  • Late/missed class lesson/work responsibilities
  • Clean up process - yours and others
  • Contact process - e-mail
  • Extra support/help options
  • Don't know, or not sure? ... ask!

Safety ppt

In this unit, we will review the PDF General Safety Presentation to get an overview of safety concerns students should be aware of in the school and classroom. Students will review and sign a PDF General Safety Contract then take home to parents to also review and sign. Safety awareness and lessons in this class will be on-going throughout the course, and specific to each project so that it is fresh in your minds when starting work on that specific project. To assist with this a PDF Safety Passport Checklist is also handed out for an overview of specific safety concerns in the shop and classroom to organize and keep track of when and who has been successfully taught and has demonstrated safe use of that tool, equipment, and/or process.

Mini Safety Posters
safety poster Safety poster

Students will create two 4" square coloured safety posters advertising a unique and specific shop safety rule/concern. They are to have large text representing 30% of space and the other 70% for the related image. The poster must be easily seen from a distance, so less detail and more of a simple design is the focus. Sketch lightly 6 different thumbnail ideas on a single blank sheet, then refine and darken your sketch with colour scheme ideas labeled, then narrow down to your best two, and actually colour those in to hand in as your rough. For your final posters, start with a pencil and draw two 4" squares, then block in your text and and related image(s), their locations, and then colour in with some primary colours giving contrast and vibrancy so they can stand out, These 2 posters will be used as with a future project for part of the design and communications unit of the course, so make sure you hold on to them.

USB Memory Stick, Files, Folders and Shortcuts

Next it is highly recommenced that you get a USB memory stick, for saving your work on to. It does not have to be large, 2 Gig is plenty of room. You will need to follow instructions on the tech info page to create three shortcuts inside a main folder named with your course code, and a sub-folder named Shortcuts:

  • Pick-up Folder
  • Drop-off Folder
  • Franzens-web-site

To keep your electronic work for this course organized, you will need to create more folders for future projects as you continue with the course. The intent is to work off of your USB in school and save to your H: drive when you are finished at the end of class as a back-up process. This way you can take your work with you and work elsewhere if needed and it is usually faster to access a flash drive then the board network.

File Naming Conventions and Shortcut Demonstration

To finish you will need to use all three shortcut links in an exercise called "shortcut-demo" and copy and paste the correct shortcut addresses to demonstrate you have done this correctly.

shortcut test
  1. Using your newly created shortcuts, go to the pick-up folder and get a file called "shortcut-demo"
  2. Save the text file to your shortcuts folder (probably a good time to review file naming conventions again and save it right away with the correct file name, and then open it up
  3. You need to type your name in, using the same format you would when writing your name on paperwork handed in
  4. For the shortcut addresses, right click and click on properties, then copy the shortcut link address and paste it into the text file in the appropriate location and do the same for the other two
  5. Next right click on your web site shortcut link, and click on properties, then the General tab to copy the location where you saved this shortcut link to "Franzens-web-site" which should be your USB Flash drive and then add the actual shortcut file name and correct file extension (more here on File extensions)
  6. Do the same steps as in previous, but now for where you backed up your digital work. Again, it is recommended you use your H drive
  7. Go to the Tech info page on the site and open up the PDF file and copy the section called "Organizing and saving your work" that explains about file naming conventions and paste below
  8. If you did not re-name your file according the file naming convention instructions you just copied, then do that now, then either copy and paste or drag and drop the text file you just finished onto the shortcut Drop-off, to submit for marking

Ensure your work is saved first on your USB, then drag and drop onto the Drop-off folder shortcut. As you don't have access to this folder, drag and drop one more time, you should get a message saying the file is already there, confirming you were successful and the file is handed in. Note: trying to save your work directly will result in your file not being saved and not handed in as students do not have editing privileges inside the Drop-off folder.

writing a log report

Part of the curriculum requirements is to keep a log of your learning and report on it. This is so that you can measure your progress as you continue with the course and take more responsibility with your learning. Each day at the end of the period after clean-up (or during class if you can) fill in point form the empty boxes for each day.

Box Details
  1. Date: day, month, and year
  2. Time in: time you showed up: OT=on-time, AB=Absent, if late, what time & how late
  3. Tasks: tasks done today
  4. E-Help: extra help needed? Y or N?
  5. Learning: fill in new learning (pick your most significant points in the form of
    • KNOWLEDGE - new information you have learned such as new terminology, a new process, or information that you did not know
    • SKILL – practical work done such as computer file naming/saving process, cutting cardboard correctly, using a tool or machine properly, etc
    • VALUE – is new opinion formed or feeling based on your experience with new knowledge and/or skill that you have completed
  6. Partner(s): who you helped and/or worked with
  7. Clean-up: what you did for clean-up, how did you contribute
  8. Hmwk: what homework do you have for tonight, or near future and when is it due?

The teacher comments and parent feedback will be used when there are concerns. The information on your daily log sheets will be used to summarize your accomplishments for the Weekly Log Report by reporting on tasks complete and your learning process through your newly acquired knowledge, skills, and/or values. This will be a part of your culminating work to show your progress, process, and learning throughout the semester.

Common Things to Know, to Maximize Your Journal Mark

The following points should be kept in mind when filling in your daily entries. Most common place that marks are lost is in the learning section. There are common concerns, issues, and problems that students should be aware of:

  1. Put all class tasks and individual tasks during period
  2. Include three things learned in the form of K, S, and/or V
  3. Careful not to repeat the task in the learning column
  4. Remember not to repeat previous learning, as that is no longer new, and not worth marks
  5. Be specific with your new learning entries as generic means you learned all of it
  6. Example of being specific using shortcuts: shortcut creation, finding target address, file vs web, extension, reason for using, etc.
  7. Fill in all boxes for full marks, even if nothing to do or done, then put "N" for no
  8. You are responsible to work with partner, so make the effort to work with one, so you can report it
  9. You are expected to clean-up at the end of the period, so help out and report on what you did
  10. Ensure your three-ring holes are good, as broken will loose marks
  11. Remember to put your name at the top with last initial, first name
  12. Print or write neatly and clearly with a dark enough pencil or pen
  13. E-Help is for what you may need help with
  14. Hmwk should always fill in something to support that day to finish work and/or support next day/project
  15. If you are absent, you can get 60% of daily mark by putting AB in the time in section, fill in tasks for the day, in your learning section put what you did to catch up, and which partner you used to assist you with your absent day
Journal Assessment Build-up Strategies

First week will be marked at 50% weight of 25 for students to get use to format and receive feedback on their entries.

The second week will focus on learning entries using a topic/word/phrase and a specific/detail about that area so that the learning can be pin-point specific and not vague or too general which results in someone saying they learned everything about a particular subject (see shortcuts example in the above points). Discussion on homework entry in terms of unfinished work and next day or next project review at bare minimum. More of a focus on getting entries marked daily for quick feedback.

For the Third week, the focus will be to enter in K, S. or V for the learning point to be used and getting it checked daily with a 1 mark deduction if not checked for over 2 days straight.

For the final week of improved journal entry strategies, students are asked to have a peer partner mark their daily entry when they are done. There are a lot of advantages to this process, because when the peer finds missing components, incomplete entries, and/or incorrect or appropriate entries, the owner has a chance to fix that entry and then have the peer upgrade the mark to perfect if that is the case, so that when it gets to the instructor, daily journal entries are perfect. Students also get to collaborate and share more of their ideas and if a student is stuck on finding a third learning point, peer marking will allow them to see some new ideas they may not have thought of.

Duo Tang/Journal Set-up
Gothic Font Lettering

Step 1: Gothic Font Strokes

Duo tang black marker

Step 6: Marker

Duo tang Pencil

Step 3: Pencil

Duo tang Pencil

Step 7: Insert Your Safety and Journal Pages

Duo tangs will be used to keep your journals and safety related work sheets. These Duo tangs will be kept in the classroom file share to insure they are not lost and always available to log your work and learning. For initial set-up you will be provided a Duo tang with a related colour for your block section. White for block A, Cyan for block B, Magenta for block C, and Yellow for block C. Students will have an opportunity here to PPT practice Gothic font lettering before Identifying their Duo tang. Gothic font lettering is commonly used in engineering drawings to communicate in a standardized format.

  1. Using line paper practice the capitol letter alphabet and numbers on some regular line paper using two lines for the height of each letter/number, following the example lettering pictures above and hand-in for marks
  2. Get your Duo tang with the right colour for you block section which will be provided and turn the Duo tang so that the spline is horizontal and at the top with the front facing you
  3. With a pencil, in large Gothic font capitol letters print your last initial, first name in the top-left corner about 20 mm high, example shows D, JOE
  4. In the top-right corner, start, lining up about middle of the label box, but near the spine and again in large block letters print the full course and section number, example shows TDJ2OR-01, so make sure you enter in the right course code and section number - which you can find on your timetable
  5. Erase and fix if either is not looking good, but know that erasing will take some of the colour away also
  6. Take black thick sharpy marker and re-do the lettering, so it is neat, smooth, and stands out
  7. Now you are ready to put your Safety sheets at the front and your journal log sheets after.
  8. This is to be kept in the room, i.e. not taken home, so that it is always available for you to make entries and be able to refer to your safety related sheets
Gothic lettering Tips
  1. Most letters are taking up full square
  2. Trouble letters M, W, K, R, be careful with these
  3. Don't forget to create spacing between lines and header
  4. Common error, don't over size the title header in Gothic capitols, as you will run out of room
  5. Use two light parallel lines if you are not keeping your Gothic lettering consistent sizing or straight
  6. Remember to put your name with last initial, first name
Duo Tang Set-up Tips
  1. Use light construction lines to keep Gothic capitol lettering consistent height and straight
  2. Put the right section number
  3. For course section, print backwards from the right with 1 or 2 character spaces to accurately fit and not run out of room
  4. Put your papers in right way up (not backwards or upside down)- Safety first, log journal sheets in order


Although these are not heavily weighted, they are important project assignments that will benefit you throughout the rest of this course. Here are some student samples to check out that show some teacher feedback and marks in PDF PDF's; Safety Mini Poster Thumbnails, Safety Mini Poster Finals, Journal Daily Logs, Gothic lettering samples

Evaluation Breakdown Component Descriptions Marks
Always double check that you have completed all components for full marks.
Survey - Answer all 8 questions fully 16
Course Outline Signed - Review, show parents, and get signed by parent 5
Tech Info - 10 course components, and two peer contacts 14
General Safety Contract - Read, agreed, and signed by both student & parent 5
Safety Passport Checklist - Student and parent signed and put in duo-tang 5
Shop Safety Posters - 6 thumbnails, 2 4" 30/70 ratio of text/graphics and Colourful 30
Room Layouts - Label all parts of the classroom and shop areas 20
Shortcut Test - 3 shortcuts done, folders, file named correctly 30
Journal-Duo tang Set-up - Lettering practice and Duo tang set-up 20
Journal - Date, time, tasks, learning, clean-up, & homework for 5 marks daily 25


If you feel comfortable that you know all the details of the class/course details, you are ready to move on to the next activity. Be prepared if a quiz is given on the key elements of each of the sections. At this point you should be ready for the rest of the semester for use with computers, keeping organized with binder and digital files, routines, daily journals, and general safety. If you are still having trouble with specific things, PLEASE ASK!

- TOP - Unit 1, Act. 2: Technology Career Pathways

Career Pathways


Big picture

A class of Grade 9’s needs to make an informed choice as to which technical subjects they wish to select for the next year to allow them to explore related subject/career areas. As the subjects taught at Western are not very well known to students, they do know what their educational strengths, skills and future interests are. Some form of information must be created, in order to make an informed decision about their future.



The challenge is to create an eye-catching, informative, poster, based on one technical subject/career direction. You are to use a full-size cardboard display (48” Wide * 36” High) to create this poster display in order to inform and market your selected career with related school subjects. Include the following:

  1. Title, subtitles, labels, pictures, illustrations, diagrams, etc. for subject/career areas
  2. Current course outline of the grade 10 subject and a high school course pathway flowchart
  3. A news article detailed information about the career field chosen
  4. A poster explaining the career, future outlook/demand, related skills, & school requirements
  5. Information text page with 24 font word-processed page explaining about the related grade 10 course, course code, what you will learn, projects to be completed, and current instructor
  6. References/sources from where each piece of information came from



Display Sample

Sample Technology Career Display

which career

There are several areas that you may get resources from. Some of these could include the subject teacher, Guidance, Library, Co-op, school agenda, people in that career, parents, current related magazines, and newspapers, school course list, and the Internet.

Ideas to keep in mind are; to make it; colorful, easy to read large fonts, clean and neat illustrations, poster display be easily seen from a distance (5-10’), stands out, a large course flow diagram, layering some pages if necessary, clear ideas presented, paste items separately to minimize errors, and attach rough work to the back of poster.

Helpful Tips
  • The cardboard display with the required sizing 48" by 36" display board is a standard size you can purchase, but it is recommended to use some recycled cardboard such as from large appliance packaging store, or ask a local box store so that you are saving the environment
  • If you get your own recycled cardboard, pre-bend using a blunt edge tool against the grain for maximum strength
  • Your instructor will have some support material resources you can use to support your display such as coloured paper and bristol board, pencil crayons, markers, scissors, etc.
  • Checkout displays that really grab your attention and use similar styles to make work standout on your display
  • Keep all of your rough notes, sketches, and extra info for easy proof of process later
  • Watch your time, stay focused on the requirements, then focus on the loots of the display, i.e. prioritize on getting required information, then you may add extra information if it is helpful for your fellow peers
  • Make or get a large envelope (old recycled envelope from old mail) that accommodate letter sized sheets to hold all your rough work, any extra information, and/or pictures you will have

Resource links


Time line
timeline chart

First day sign-up for your subject area to fill the first column, then the second column with a previous selection can be done. Time line is approximate and may change but generally is as follows:

  1. One day for four cardboard display board-layout design-ideas with labels on full page
  2. One day for rough sketch showing career poster layout and information on full page
  3. One day for rough notes showing research information for one-page grade 10 subject
  4. One day for final layout sketch showing all required elements on full page with details
  5. Two days for finished layout with poster completed
Steps To Take

A printable handout will outline the activity and give you an idea on mark breakdown. You will see that focus on this project will be on process and final display. To earn the most marks, follow the steps and watch the time line. The steps suggested are for your benefit with this project and a good method to practice when completing a project like this. The following steps should be used:

  1. Start by sketching out two possible layout design-ideas using letter-sized paper, two on one side, and two on the back which are to show main titles, main colours, pictures, illustrations, diagrams, course outline, pathway chart, news article, career poster, and an information page on grade 10 course
  2. Create two full-page rough sketch of what your letter-sized selected career poster will look like - showing layout of content, graphics, colours, and text locations
  3. Speak to the related tech teacher to get the required information needed to show what the course is all about, sample project work, and related pathways
  4. Now that you have a lot of your project information and a better idea of all the components, create one more sketch showing your final display layout with colour, taking into account possible new and/or additional resources you will be using
  5. Finish final career poster, school course-info sheet, pathway flow-chart that will be mounted on your display
  6. Add your titles, subtitles, related pictures, illustrations, course project, information sources, etc to your career display

Note: All rough work to be attached to your evaluation sheet which should show your process, and steps of project you have taken.

Check List for Large Display Components to be Included

If while researching you find additional career or subject area related images, related charts, and/or illustrations that will support and further market your Career pathway from grade 9 Exploring Technologies all the way to the related career you selected, then include in your display to enrich and create more depth to your information.

The following are just the minimum elements that need to be included on your display.

  1. Main title of your selected career
  2. Related grade 10 course outline
  3. Related grade 10 course information page
  4. Flow chart showing course pathway for high school to prepare for that career
  5. Selected career poster based on your grade 10 course outline
  6. Current news article related to career
  7. Source/reference page

For specific requirements in each of the components above, review the Problem/Challenge section above and Steps to Take above.



Follow the steps and time line to earn the most marks, as this project is not just assessed on the finished display, but also the steps to get the display fished. To understand more about the mark breakdown sections, refer to the PDF SPICE process flow chart. For discussion on final evaluation sheet see: PDF self, peer, and teacher evaluation sample.

Evaluation Breakdown Component Descriptions for Display (weighted at 50%) Marks
Always double check that you have completed all components for full marks.
Problem and Requirements - Direction and requirements met 10
Research and Information - Detailed, organized, and in-depth 15
Rough Ideas, Designs and Time-lines - project process rough builds 25
Final Rough Design - How it looks and stands out 10
Poster Construction - Put together well 15
Finished Display - Looks, organization, contrast, style, and information 25
Evaluation Breakdown for Presentation  
Communication - Easy to hear and understand 10
Knowledge - Informative and helpful 10
Time - 2-3 minutes explanation, then question/answer period 5


Now that you have researched a career and seem many related ones, this may help you decide on where to go with your future. Knowing this information will empower you and make you more confident one where you want to take your future and what you need to do, to get there!